安卓平板和安卓手机下载ClassIn客户端

ClassIn日常使用ClassIn小助手 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 1189 次浏览 • 2020-03-28 14:47 • 来自相关话题

您好,华为,小米,vivo,oppo,已上架应用商店,可以在应用商店里搜索classin下载;
其他安卓设备用户请用自带浏览器打开Android ClassIn;
下载链接:http://www.eeo.cn/cn/m/download.html
下载教程:http://teacherin.eeo.cn/?/article/124

iPad和iPhone下载ClassIn客户端

ClassIn日常使用ClassIn小助手 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 463 次浏览 • 2020-03-28 14:44 • 来自相关话题

您好,IOS移动设备下载:需在App Store里面搜索classin或eeo进行 下载;

教程视频:http://teacherin.eeo.cn/?/article/124


苹果移动设备的爱思助手商店中无法下载ClassIn。


Mac电脑下载ClassIn客户端

ClassIn日常使用ClassIn小助手 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 633 次浏览 • 2020-03-28 14:42 • 来自相关话题

您好,电脑下载链接:https://www.eeo.cn/cn/download.html
复制到电脑谷歌浏览器打开,关掉杀毒软件后进行下载
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电脑下载教程:http://teacherin.eeo.cn/?/article/124


注:Mac电脑不支持在AppStore里面搜索下载


Windows系统下载ClassIn客户端

ClassIn日常使用ClassIn小助手 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 672 次浏览 • 2020-03-28 14:35 • 来自相关话题

您好,电脑下载链接:https://www.eeo.cn/cn/download.html
复制到电脑谷歌浏览器打开,关掉杀毒软件后进行下载
--------------------------------------------------------
电脑下载教程:http://teacherin.eeo.cn/?/article/124

学英语必看!10大妙招教你背单词

教研专栏二毛 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 430 次浏览 • 2020-03-27 12:39 • 来自相关话题

 
(全文为中英文内容结合,预计阅读时间10分钟)
 
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Learning new vocabulary is a task that can feel Herculean at the best of times, and at the worst of times, Sisyphean. You spend hours trying to memorize new vocabulary only to find that when you need this vocabulary as you listen, speak, read, and write, it just isn’t there for you. Instead, you find yourself looking up a word in a dictionary for the thousandth time or relying on familiar words when you speak and write. Don’t despair! Help is here! Below are ten strategies for learning new vocabulary that will help you fix this vocabulary in your long-term memory so that it is there when you need it. 
 
一个人想要掌握新单词,顺利的话会像赫拉克勒斯,攻无不克,力大无穷,不然就会变成西西弗斯,循环往复,徒劳无用。每当真正需要用来听、说、读、写的时候,那些花费大量时间背的单词仿佛瞬间蒸发了,脑袋里面空空如也。于是,你只能一遍又一遍地翻字典查单词,或者依靠仅有的词汇量去交流和写作。别担心!秘密武器来了!10个方法教你学习新单词,深度记忆,随取随用。
 
 
The strategies found below are multidimensional, meaning they recruit different parts of your brain. Research shows that when we connect information to multiple parts of our brain – our language center, our visual center, etc. – this information is more durable and we can use it more flexibly. Many of these strategies also incorporate some or all of the four skills – listening, speaking, reading, and writing. This is because vocabulary isn’t something to be learned for its own sake. We do things with words: we communicate; we create; we critique. Doing things with words provide richer, more effective learning experiences that can help us not only remember the definition of a word or phrase, but also how this word or phrase can be used. This results in us not just having “inert knowledge” that sits uselessly in our heads, but having “authentic knowledge” that is ready at hand for us to use to get things done with language.
 
这些方法基于多维角度,极大程度上开发了人类大脑的不同区域。研究表明,将信息与大脑中各区域(包括语言中枢、视觉中枢等)连接起来,更有利于信息的记忆和长期储存甚至灵活运用。这些方法涵盖了听、说、读、写每个方面,因为我们学单词的真正目的不仅仅是为了掌握词汇,而是将其转化为交流、创作、批判的工具。同时,这些方法有助于更加深入和高效的学习,不仅能够让我们轻松记住单词或短语的含义,还能熟练掌握使用方法。如此,单词将不再是脑袋里无用的摆设,而是手边“真正的知识”,随时随地都能串成优美的语言。
 
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【01、Make your own flashcards!  自己动手做单词卡!】
 
 

 
Making flashcards is a great way to keep the words and phrases you are trying to learn conveniently organized for practice and review. They’re also fun to make!
 
做单词卡让你可以轻松整理单词,随时练习和复习。而且做起来很有趣!
 
 
You can create different vocabulary flashcard sets by topic or theme, such as “Animals” or “Going to the Doctor” to connect the words you are trying to learn to topics or themes that relate to these words, as well as words that you’ve studied before. This can be particularly helpful if you are having to learn lists of vocabulary words that are not related to each other. Organizing your words topically or thematically helps you build your understanding of these words.
 
你可以根据话题或主题整理出不同的卡组,比如“动物”、“看医生”,将新旧单词联系起来。如果你正在记忆不相关的单词,这个方法很有帮助。按话题给单词分类,可以建立对单词的理解。
 
 
You can make these flashcards by hand, on your computer, or by using an app, such as:
Quizlet (https://quizlet.com), 
Flashcard Online 
(https://flashcard.online/), 
or Brainscape
(https://www.brainscape.com).
Quizlet even lets you set your language to Chinese, making the site convenient to use for even beginning language learners. 
 
你可以手制词卡,也可以制作电子版(使用电脑或软件)。推荐:
Quizlet (https://quizlet.com)
Quizlet可以设置中文语言,初学者也能轻松上手。
Flashcard Online
(https://flashcard.online/)
Brainscape 
(https://www.brainscape.com)
 
 
Regardless of how you make your flashcards, you’ll want to include the following information on your flashcard:
 
词卡上需要包含以下内容:
 
►1) The target word/phrase 单词
 
►2) Pronunciation of the target word/phrase (This can be done with IPA or by including an audio file of someone saying the word/phrase.) 单词的发音(音标或音频)
 
►3) A translation of the target word/phrase (optional) 翻译(可不含)
 
►4) Part of speech (You can omit this for younger students who lack metalinguistic knowledge.) 词性(幼儿英语学习者可不写)
 
►5) A definition of the word/phrase 定义
 
This definition should be your own definition – one you can understand. You can always go back and revise your definition as you gain a deeper understanding of the word/phrase. If you can, write your definition in English, even if this definition is just a synonym. However, for lower-level students, a definition in Chinese, or partly in English, partly in Chinese is okay. Use English as much as you can in your definition, but remember, the purpose of writing your own definition is to make the meaning of the word clear to you. 
 
自身对单词的的定义或理解—每次对单词有了更深的理解,都可以去订正定义。尽可能用英文去定义这个单词,哪怕是一个近义词都可以。对于水平尚低的同学来说,使用中文释义,或中英文混杂的释义,都没有问题。尽量使用英语,但要保证对自己的定义清清楚楚。
 
►6) A picture that illustrates the meaning of the word/phrase. 单词的配图
 
►7) Model sentences (These can come from a dictionary, a reader, or another source. Make sure that these model sentences are sentences you can understand You can also add illustrations for these sentences if you’d like.)例句(从字典,读物,或其他材料中选取自己理解的例句,也可以为这些例句配图)
 
►8) Your own example sentence (Feel free to add an illustration here as well.)自己造的句子(当然也可以配图)
 
When writing your own sentences, make sure that they are meaningful. This means that they should communicate something about you and your world. You can write sentences about yourself, your family, your house, your family and friends, your feelings and opinions, etc. Using target words to communicate something meaningful about you and your world will help you use new words in a more authentic way, resulting in more effective learning. Also, you can use your model sentences (see 7, above) as sentence stems to help you get started with your own sentences.
 
所造的句子要保证有意义,与自身的生活有关联,可以关于自己、家庭、朋友、或表达自己的观点等等。这能让你将单词用在更真实的场景,对单词的记忆更有效率。不知道怎么开始的同学,可以在例句的基础上改写自己的句子。
 
 
If you are pre-literate, you can include audio with your model sentences and rather than writing example sentences, you can record them. 
 
还不会写作的同学,例句可以使用音频代替,同时录制自己的句子。
 
 
You can use your flashcards to review the meaning of the word or phrase, how it is used in sentences, how to say the word or phrase, and so on. You can also add new model sentences to your flashcards as you come across them in listening and reading. You can even revise your own sentences and create new ones to practice and review using vocabulary in context.
 
你可以用单词卡来复习单词或短语的含义,用法和读法等等。当你听读英文时也可以在卡片上添加新的例句,甚至可以修改和造出新的句子,来练习和复习词汇在不同情境中的使用。
 
 
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【02、Learn vocabulary in chunks and scripts! 在组合和对话中学习单词!
 
 

 
Don’t just memorize words in isolation; think about other words and phrases that frequently appear with these words. This means thinking about collocations and scripts. For example, if you are trying to learn the word “amazement”, learn phrases that contain “amazement”, such as “filled with amazement”, “shake my head with amazement”, and “look at something with amazement”. Also, pay attention to the collocation of “with” and “amazement” in the prepositional phrase of manner “with amazement”. Paying attention to this collocation will help you use this word correctly when you speak and write as whenever you use “amazement” in a sentence, you’ll probably be using it in the phrase “with amazement”. 
 
不要只记忆单个词汇,想想经常和这些单词一起出现的词汇或短语,多想搭配。比如,学习“amazement”,可以同时学习“filled with amazement”,“shake my head with amazement”,以及“look at something with amazement”,注意其中“with”和“amazement”搭配。单词的搭配可以帮助你在日常的口语和写作中更加正确地使用它,就好比当一个句子中用到“amazement”,你会自然而然地联想到“with amazement”。
 
 
Scripts can help you learn new words and phrases in the context of their function – what they are used to do – and the situations in which we use these words. For example, if you are trying to learn “can” for permission, you can think about situations in which you would ask for or give permission and the scripts that are commonly used in these situations, such as:
 
Student: Teacher, can I go to the bathroom?
Teacher: Sure.
Student: Thank you!
(OR)
Child: Mom, can I go outside and play?
Mom: Did you do your homework?
Child: No, not yet.
Mom: You can go outside after you finish your homework.
 
Contextualizing words and phrases in scripts will help you connect these words and phrases to real situations in which you would use these words, as well as help you review other words and phrases that are also commonly part of such scripts.
 
对话可以帮助你学习单词短语的作用及使用情境。例如,如果学习“can”表示请求,想一想哪些场景你会使用请求或许可,此时可能会产生这样的对话:
 
学生: Teacher, can I go to the bathroom?
老师: Sure.
学生: Thank you!
(或者)
孩子: Mom, can I go outside and play?
妈妈: Did you do your homework?
孩子: No, not yet.
妈妈: You can go outside after you finish your homework.
 
将单词和短语用在对话情境中,能使其和现实场景相联系,同时复习其他相关单词。
 
 
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【03、Use the power of imagination! 借助想象的力量!】
 
 

 
Visualizing is a strategy that recruits the power of our imagination – the ability to make pictures and movies in our mind. It is most commonly used when we read. However, it can also be used when we are learning vocabulary. As you are studying a word or phrase, make a picture or movie in your head that illustrates the meaning of this word or phrase. This can be done with both concrete and abstract words, as when you visualize, you are usually visualizing an example or instance of the word or phrase. Our imagination works in specifics, not generalities. You can imagine a specific dog, but not a dog in general. This is what makes visualizing so powerful; it makes words and phrases real. You can visualize yourself running as you study the word “run”. Similarly, you can visualize your family preparing a meal together as you study “cooperation”. 
 
形象化方法[想象画面/形象化方法/具象法/联想法]是激发我们想象力尤为重要的方法之一,通常表现为我们在阅读时脑海中出现的具体画面,在学习词汇时也可以用这种方法。当你在学习一个单词或词组的时候,可以试着在脑中描绘出对应的具体的图片或场景,这些单词无论是具象的还是抽象的,都可以将其可视化。我们的想象力是具体的而非笼统的,就好比可以想象出某只狗,而不是狗的概念。这就是为什么形象化方法很管用,它让单词和词组变得真实不抽象。比如,学习“run”的时候想象自己在跑步,学习“cooperation”的时候想象全家一起准备晚餐。
 
 
When you visualize, you are using both the parts of your brain that store visual information and the parts of your brain that store linguistic information. If you add sound, smell, touch, and/or taste to your visualization, you can utilize these parts of your brain as well. By recruiting these different parts of your brain as you study vocabulary, you’re building robust neural networks around the word or phrase you are studying, which helps with both memory and quick recall. 
 
想象画面时,动用了大脑中存储视觉信息和语言信息的两个部分,如果在这过程中增加听觉、嗅觉、触觉和味觉的元素,大脑中的相关部位也会调动起来。能做到这一点,就能围绕这个单词建立强大的神经网络,记忆和回忆该单词都会变得更加容易。
 
 
For added practice and even more powerful results, describe your visualization in either speech or writing. Describing is more than just producing a single sentence. Describing is about giving sensory and emotional details. For example, as you visualize yourself running, you can talk aloud to yourself: “I’m running. I’m running in the park. I’m running fast. I see my classmate. She is running too. She runs faster than me.”
 
想要加强练习或拥有更好的记忆效果的话,可以尝试将想象画面在口语或写作中描述出来。描述不止是造一个句子,更多的是感官和情感的细节表达。例如,想象自己奔跑时,对自己说,“我正在跑步,在公园中跑步。我跑的很快。我看到了一个同学也在跑步,她跑的比我还快。”
 
 
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【04、Connect what you are learning to what you already know!  将正在学习的单词和已有知识结合起来!】
 

 
You can connect vocabulary you already know to new vocabulary by building “semantic webs” or “word maps”. One way to do this is to think in categories. If you are learning some new clothes, what are some clothes you already know? You can create word map with the word “clothes” in the center and add new and old articles of clothing to branches stemming off “clothes,” as shown below:
 
“语义网”和“单词地图”可以将新老单词联系起来。其中一个方法就是分类法。如果学习衣服词汇,想想哪些词汇你已经知道了?将“衣服”放在中央,分支里写各种具体的衣物,如下:
 
 
Another way to build a word map is to think in terms of instances and examples. If you are learning the word “measure”, make a word map with “measure” in the center and put things you can measure and how you can measure them on the branches of your word map.
 
另一个方式是根据例子来建单词地图。学习“measure”时,将“measure”放在中间,将能够测量的物品列在分支里。
 
 
A third option is to build word maps with synonyms and antonyms. Let’s say you are learning the word “fabulous”. You can create a word map that has “fabulous” in the middle and other words that mean the same or opposite on your word map’s branches, color coding or otherwise marking which words are synonyms and which words are antonyms.
 
第三种方式,建立近义词和反义词的单词地图。例如,将单词“fabulous” 放在中心,含有相同或相反含义的单词放在分支,用不同的颜色进行区分。不会写作的同学,例句可以使用音频代替,同时录制自己的句子。
 
 
Building connections helps you organize and chunk information to build robust word-concepts. The more connections we can build between different pieces of information, the easier it becomes to recall this information. This is because these connections form multiple pathways your brain can follow to find the information it is looking for. Finally, as an added bonus, when making word maps, you’re reviewing and reinforcing previously learned words as well. 
 
建立单词的关联能帮助我们组织和汇总信息,加强对词汇概念的理解。不同信息之间的关联越多,回忆起这些单词就会越容易,这些关联为大脑搜索信息提供了更多路径。当然,建立单词地图的同时你也会复习之前学过的单词,何乐而不为呢?
 
 
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【05、Read! Watch! Listen!  多读!多看!多听!】
 

 
Reading texts, watching videos, and listening to audio can not only help you  learn incidental vocabulary – vocabulary you learn without consciously trying to learn them – but can also help you learn intentional vocabulary – those words you are consciously trying to learn. As you read a book, watch a cartoon, or listen to a podcast, try to be mindful of the words you are trying to learn and notice when you see or hear them. This is a bit easier when reading, as you can go back and reread as needed. 
 
阅读文章,看视频,听音频不仅能加强词汇附带习得---没有刻意去学习的单词---还能加强词汇有意学习---有意学习的单词。当阅读一本书、观看一部动画片或者听一段广播的时候,注意那些你想要学习的单词,看见和听见的内容需要特别留心。而阅读起来会相对比较简单,如果需要,可以再读一遍。
 
 
If you are reading, you can even combine this strategy with visualizing by making a picture or movie of the sentence with the target word or phrase in your head. You can also add this sentence to your flashcard of the word or phrase if you are keeping flashcards. It can also be helpful to be purposeful in your reading, watching, and listening choices so that you encounter target words and phrases by design, rather than by accident. If you are learning food vocabulary, you might watch a cooking show or read a story about a holiday meal.
 
读书的时候,这个方法可以和形象化方法相结合,把有目标单词的句子画面在脑中描绘出来。如果你已经在做词卡了,把这个句子加到你的词卡中。带着目的去读、看和听,比漫无目的地做这些事效果更好。就好比学习食物词汇时,看美食节目或阅读节日美食的故事,是非常有效的。
 
 
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【06、Be observant! 多多观察!】
 

 
Pay attention to the world around you in your day-to-day life to find examples of instances and events that illustrate the vocabulary you are trying to learn. For example, if you are learning the word “help”, take notice of instances of people helping each other. This strategy can be augmented by trying to describe what you observe by talking to yourself, describing it to another person, or recording the event in a notebook.
 
留意你生活中是否含有目标单词的情境。学习“help”时,看看人们什么时候互相帮助。对自己或身边的人描述你观察到的事物,或将其记录下来,都能加强单词的记忆。
 
 
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【07、Speak and write to build automaticity! 多说多写,自动输出!】
 

 
Humans are not nearly as good at dealing with new situations as they are at dealing with familiar ones. To put it another way, we are much better at remembering than we are at understanding. This is why we have difficulty in finding the right word for a situation if we’ve never experienced that situation before. For example, we might have memorized words and phrases to use at a restaurant, but if we’ve never actually gone out and tried to use these words and phrases in a restaurant – either a real one or an imagined one – we find it quite difficult to recall these words and phrases when we need them, to say nothing of using them fluently and accurately. 
 
和熟悉的事物相比,人们处理新鲜事物的能力并不十分熟练。换句话说,我们更擅长记忆而不是理解。这就是为什么如果我们没有经历过某种场景,就很难为该场景找到合适的词汇。举个例子,我们记忆在餐厅用餐的单词,但从未真正去餐厅使用它们—无论是真实还是模拟场景—我们会发现需要的时候很难回忆起这些单词,更不用说正确流利的使用它们了。
 
 
As the above example might indicate to you, the kind of remembering I’m talking about here is not decontextualized rote memorization. Instead, what I’m talking about is contextualized memory that comes about through repeated meaningful experiences. This kind of remembering results in automaticity – having the word or phrase you want ready at hand when you want it. When faced with a situation that is familiar and practiced, we don’t so much remember the word or phrase itself, as we recall the word or phrase as part of the total situation which we are remembering. When we remember this way, we are remembering not only the word and its meaning, but its concrete use in a specific situation.
 
上述例子告诉我们,现在我们所说的记忆单词的方法并不是脱离语境的死记硬背,相反,语境化记忆的成果来自于多次有意义的经历,这种记忆会让你使用单词时自动脱口而出。面对熟悉的场景,我们不用费力回忆单词本身,而是回忆起整个场景。使用这种方法,我们不再是对单词含义的记忆,而是具体使用情境的记忆。
 
 
You can build automaticity through sustained speaking and writing. You can have conversations with others or just talk to yourself for 2-4 minutes without stopping. If you’re talking to yourself, you can choose a topic as your starting point, but don’t feel constrained, go where your speaking takes you, even if it takes you off topic. The point is to keep talking. Also, don’t worry about mistakes and mispronunciations. The goal is to build fluency. Whether you are talking to another person or to yourself, you can record your speaking and review it. Listen to your recording and try to find opportunities for using new words and phrases that you missed or where these new words and phrases could replace more familiar words and phrases. Additionally, you can practice the pronunciation of words you did not pronounce correctly, as well as even revise sentences that contain grammatical mistakes if you want to focus a bit on form.
 
我们可以通过多读多写的方式建立自动输出。和其他人谈话,或花2-4分钟连续自言自语练习。独自练习时,可以选择某个话题,不要约束自己,想到哪说到哪,偏题了也没关系。这个练习的要点是保持口语输出的状态。当然,也不用担心会犯错或发音不标准,流利度才是我们的目标。不论用哪种方法练习,你都可以将其录制下来,之后复盘。复盘时想想哪些地方忘了使用新单词,哪些地方可以用新单词来代替。此时,你可以纠正错误的发音,或纠正语法错误。
 
 
A similar activity can be done with writing. You might want to extend your writing time longer if you are a slow writer. However, in general the same rules apply to this writing activity as to the speaking activity described above. Don’t worry about spelling. Don’t worry about grammar. Just write and don’t stop. After you’re done, review your writing to locate opportunities for using new words and phrases that you missed or where these new words and phrases could replace more familiar words and phrases. You can also correct misspelt words and even improve your grammar by correcting grammatical mistakes you notice.
 
类似的练习同样可以用在写作中。同样的道理,这种写作练习也是操练写作流利度。不要纠结于拼写和语法,写下去,不要停。完成后,看看哪些地方可以使用或替换为新单词,同时可以纠正拼写和语法错误。
 
 
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【08、Play games! 玩单词游戏!】
 

 
Games are both fun and challenging. Challenges stimulate the brain, making it work harder and faster. Fun relieves stress, opening you up to better absorb new information and ideas. Online quizzes, word searches, crossword puzzles, and online games are all great ways to make learning vocabulary both enjoyable and effective. 
 
游戏有趣而且有挑战性。挑战刺激人的大脑,使其更加努力和快速的运作。趣味性可以减轻压力,让你更好的吸收新信息和想法。在线小测验、单词搜索游戏、填字游戏等等,都是有趣高效学习单词的好方法。
 
 
➤Online Quizzes在线小测验: 
https://www.anglomaniacy.pl/vocabulary-quizzes-list.htm
(basic vocabulary, organized by topic基础词汇,按话题分类),https://www.englishclub.com/esl-quizzes/vocabulary/
(more extensive, organized by topic, includes quizzes on parts of speech扩展单词,按话题分类,考察词性) 
 
➤Make Your Own Word Searches自己设计单词搜索游戏: 
http://puzzlemaker.discoveryeducation.com/WordSearchSetupForm.asp
 
➤Make Your Own Crossword Puzzle自己设计填字游戏: 
https://www.edu-games.org/word-games/crosswords/crossword-maker.php
(This site will produce clues for you, so all you have to do is enter the words.)(该网站已提供模板,只需输入单词即可。)
 
➤Vocabulary Games其他单词小游戏: 
https://thegamerstop.com/gamestag/Vocabulary/, 
https://www.turtlediary.com/games/vocabulary.html
(requires Adobe Flash需要安装Adobe Flash)
 
 
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【09、Get musical! 听英文歌!】
 

 
Whether young or old, people love to sing and dance – even if it is just for themselves. Song, dance, and other forms of movement can all support vocabulary acquisition. Melody and rhythm can aid memorization, which is one reason why as we get older, we tend to remember songs and advertising jungles from our youth, even if we have not heard them in years. Additionally, you can listen to a song you like time and again without it getting old. Moreover, if you enjoy a song, you will be motivated to learn the lyrics so that you can sing it correctly. 
 
不论老少,大家都喜欢唱歌跳舞,即使仅仅是自娱自乐。歌曲、舞蹈或者其他表现形式都能帮助我们巩固词汇学习。旋律和节奏是完美的记忆点,也是许多年后长大了的我们依旧记得儿时常听的歌曲和广告的原因所在。尤其是,当爱上一首英文歌之后,你会不由自主的学唱起来。
 
 
There are a wealth of song resources out there for younger children, such as:
 Super Simple Songs
(https://supersimple.com/super-simple-songs), 
Pinkfong 
(https://www.pinkfong.com/en/videos-apps/),
and Busy Beavers 
(https://busybeavers.com/watch/).
If you can’t connect directly to these websites, you can search for these organizations on domestic video streaming sites. 
 
这里是一些优秀的少儿英文歌曲推荐:
Super Simple Songs 
(https://supersimple.com/super-simple-songs)
Pinkfong
(https://www.pinkfong.com/en/videos-apps/)
Busy Beavers
(https://busybeavers.com/watch/)
如果你无法直接进入以上网站,可以在国内的视频网站进行搜索。
 
 
Rather than just sitting there as you listen, get up and dance! Many ESL/EFL songs are accompanied by simple dance routines. This can help in not only keeping you active and fit, but also support vocabulary learning as you are connecting the parts of your brain that encode gross and fine motor skills with the language centers in your brain. Like visualizing, this can build more robust neural networks around words, giving you more neural “hooks” to hang your word or phrase on.
 
听歌的时候不要只听听而已,来跳跳舞吧!很多英文语言教学的歌曲都配有简单的舞蹈动作。这不仅有助于保持健康,还利于词汇学习,因为它将大脑中负责运动神经的区域和语言中枢连接了起来。和想象画面的方法类似,这样做可以加强神经网络的联结,让你的词汇有更多神经和它连接。
 
 
Even if you can’t find a song containing the words and phrases that you are trying to learn, you can still recruit movement to help you study by either miming words – jumping as you study “jump” or holding your arms like a balance as you study “fair”. The more of your brain you can get involved in studying vocabulary, the greater your chances of actually learning and remembering it.
 
如果你找不到含目标词汇的歌曲,可以自己设计动作,以帮助记忆单词。模仿单词的动作—学习“jump”的时候跳一跳,学习“fair”的时候用胳膊保持平衡。动用的大脑部位越多,你的单词记得越牢。
 
 
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【10、Space out repetition and review! 合理重复,有效复习!】 

 
Repetition can help you remember words. However, like with any strategy, repetition needs to be used mindfully to be effective. Although repeating a word one hundred times in a row might fix it in your short-term memory, it probably won’t result in the word becoming part of your long-term memory. The same is true of repeating a word one hundred times over the course of the day. In each case, repetition becomes narrow-minded and mechanical. Repeat something too many times and you stop thinking about it. Without attention, there is seldom any learning. 
 
重复可以帮助你记忆单词,但重复记忆不一定高效。记忆单词一百遍,可以强化短期记忆,但几乎不会使其变成长期记忆的单词。一天中反复重复一个单词也是如此。这使单词的记忆变得狭隘和机械。重复多了,人就不再思考了。心不在焉的学习收效甚微。
 
 
Instead, you should space out your repetition. When you begin learning a new word, try to use it immediately. After an hour, try to recall the new word and try using it again. Do the same thing right before you go to bed and again the next day. Review the word yet again a few days later.
 
相反的,我们应该省去重复的过程。开始学习新单词时,直接尝试使用它。一小时后,回忆新单词,再次使用它。睡前和第二天都可以做这件事。几天后再次使用单词。
 
 
As you become more familiar with new vocabulary, keep track of the vocabulary you recall easily and which vocabulary is still giving you difficulty. You can write words and phrases on index cards and color-code them: green for words you are comfortable with and need less frequent review, yellow for words that you feel unsure about and would like to review more often, and red for words that are giving you difficulty and would like to revisit regularly. 
 
随着你对新单词越来越熟悉,看看哪些单词很容易回忆起来,哪些单词还有困难。你可以将单词写在卡片上,用不同的颜色标注:绿色是可以很好地运用,不需要经常练习的单词,黄色是仍需操练的单词,红色是依然有困难,需要加大练习强度的单词。
 
 
If you are using vocabulary flashcards, you can take this strategy a step further by updating your flashcards each time you review with any new information about the target word or phrase that you may have learned since you last reviewed it. This might be a prefix or suffix that can be added to the word to form a new word, a new meaning or use, or fun facts about the word’s origin and history (etymology). We never really finish learning any word or phrase. Our vocabulary isn’t a collection of words and phrases we know, but words and phrases we know well enough to do some things with them. Even a word as simple as “dog” can be further refined, for example by learning the idioms “dog tired” and “dog-eat-dog”.
 
如果你已经在使用单词卡了,可以使用这个方法多做一步:每次复习时更新单词卡上的目标单词信息,这些信息可能是你上次复习后学到的。例如单词的词缀,新的含义或用法,甚至是关于单词来源或历史的信息(词源学)。我们永远不可能学完所有单词和词组。词汇不是单词和词组的简单组合,而是为我们所用的工具。即使是“dog”这样简单的单词,也能有更多含义和用法,你可以从学习习语“dog tired”和 “dog-eat-dog”获得这些信息。
 
 
Conclusion
As you try out the strategies in this article, monitor your progress and keep track of which strategies work best for you. Also, start simple. Pick one or two to try out. If a strategy isn’t working for you, try another one. If one is working for you, think about why it works for you. This might help you in choosing other strategies to use. Finally, keep you chin up. Learning vocabulary can be challenging, but you can do it! With enough effort, dedication, and reflection, victory will be yours!
 
不同的人可能适用不同的方法,以后背单词的时候,可以尝试使用以上这些方法来检查自己是否有进步,看看哪些方法最适合自己。首先,简单地挑选一两种方法进行尝试。如果某种方法不适合你,换另一种。对于那些行之有效的方法,思考为什么适合自己,这会对你选择其他方法大有帮助。最后,不要气馁。学习词汇是个挑战,但只要你多用心、多努力、多反思,就一定能成功!
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(全文为中英文内容结合,预计阅读时间10分钟)
 
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Learning new vocabulary is a task that can feel Herculean at the best of times, and at the worst of times, Sisyphean. You spend hours trying to memorize new vocabulary only to find that when you need this vocabulary as you listen, speak, read, and write, it just isn’t there for you. Instead, you find yourself looking up a word in a dictionary for the thousandth time or relying on familiar words when you speak and write. Don’t despair! Help is here! Below are ten strategies for learning new vocabulary that will help you fix this vocabulary in your long-term memory so that it is there when you need it. 
 
一个人想要掌握新单词,顺利的话会像赫拉克勒斯,攻无不克,力大无穷,不然就会变成西西弗斯,循环往复,徒劳无用。每当真正需要用来听、说、读、写的时候,那些花费大量时间背的单词仿佛瞬间蒸发了,脑袋里面空空如也。于是,你只能一遍又一遍地翻字典查单词,或者依靠仅有的词汇量去交流和写作。别担心!秘密武器来了!10个方法教你学习新单词,深度记忆,随取随用。
 
 
The strategies found below are multidimensional, meaning they recruit different parts of your brain. Research shows that when we connect information to multiple parts of our brain – our language center, our visual center, etc. – this information is more durable and we can use it more flexibly. Many of these strategies also incorporate some or all of the four skills – listening, speaking, reading, and writing. This is because vocabulary isn’t something to be learned for its own sake. We do things with words: we communicate; we create; we critique. Doing things with words provide richer, more effective learning experiences that can help us not only remember the definition of a word or phrase, but also how this word or phrase can be used. This results in us not just having “inert knowledge” that sits uselessly in our heads, but having “authentic knowledge” that is ready at hand for us to use to get things done with language.
 
这些方法基于多维角度,极大程度上开发了人类大脑的不同区域。研究表明,将信息与大脑中各区域(包括语言中枢、视觉中枢等)连接起来,更有利于信息的记忆和长期储存甚至灵活运用。这些方法涵盖了听、说、读、写每个方面,因为我们学单词的真正目的不仅仅是为了掌握词汇,而是将其转化为交流、创作、批判的工具。同时,这些方法有助于更加深入和高效的学习,不仅能够让我们轻松记住单词或短语的含义,还能熟练掌握使用方法。如此,单词将不再是脑袋里无用的摆设,而是手边“真正的知识”,随时随地都能串成优美的语言。
 
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【01、Make your own flashcards!  自己动手做单词卡!】
 
 

 
Making flashcards is a great way to keep the words and phrases you are trying to learn conveniently organized for practice and review. They’re also fun to make!
 
做单词卡让你可以轻松整理单词,随时练习和复习。而且做起来很有趣!
 
 
You can create different vocabulary flashcard sets by topic or theme, such as “Animals” or “Going to the Doctor” to connect the words you are trying to learn to topics or themes that relate to these words, as well as words that you’ve studied before. This can be particularly helpful if you are having to learn lists of vocabulary words that are not related to each other. Organizing your words topically or thematically helps you build your understanding of these words.
 
你可以根据话题或主题整理出不同的卡组,比如“动物”、“看医生”,将新旧单词联系起来。如果你正在记忆不相关的单词,这个方法很有帮助。按话题给单词分类,可以建立对单词的理解。
 
 
You can make these flashcards by hand, on your computer, or by using an app, such as:
Quizlet (https://quizlet.com), 
Flashcard Online 
(https://flashcard.online/), 
or Brainscape
(https://www.brainscape.com).
Quizlet even lets you set your language to Chinese, making the site convenient to use for even beginning language learners. 
 
你可以手制词卡,也可以制作电子版(使用电脑或软件)。推荐:
Quizlet (https://quizlet.com)
Quizlet可以设置中文语言,初学者也能轻松上手。
Flashcard Online
(https://flashcard.online/)
Brainscape 
(https://www.brainscape.com)
 
 
Regardless of how you make your flashcards, you’ll want to include the following information on your flashcard:
 
词卡上需要包含以下内容:
 
►1) The target word/phrase 单词
 
►2) Pronunciation of the target word/phrase (This can be done with IPA or by including an audio file of someone saying the word/phrase.) 单词的发音(音标或音频)
 
►3) A translation of the target word/phrase (optional) 翻译(可不含)
 
►4) Part of speech (You can omit this for younger students who lack metalinguistic knowledge.) 词性(幼儿英语学习者可不写)
 
►5) A definition of the word/phrase 定义
 
This definition should be your own definition – one you can understand. You can always go back and revise your definition as you gain a deeper understanding of the word/phrase. If you can, write your definition in English, even if this definition is just a synonym. However, for lower-level students, a definition in Chinese, or partly in English, partly in Chinese is okay. Use English as much as you can in your definition, but remember, the purpose of writing your own definition is to make the meaning of the word clear to you. 
 
自身对单词的的定义或理解—每次对单词有了更深的理解,都可以去订正定义。尽可能用英文去定义这个单词,哪怕是一个近义词都可以。对于水平尚低的同学来说,使用中文释义,或中英文混杂的释义,都没有问题。尽量使用英语,但要保证对自己的定义清清楚楚。
 
►6) A picture that illustrates the meaning of the word/phrase. 单词的配图
 
►7) Model sentences (These can come from a dictionary, a reader, or another source. Make sure that these model sentences are sentences you can understand You can also add illustrations for these sentences if you’d like.)例句(从字典,读物,或其他材料中选取自己理解的例句,也可以为这些例句配图)
 
►8) Your own example sentence (Feel free to add an illustration here as well.)自己造的句子(当然也可以配图)
 
When writing your own sentences, make sure that they are meaningful. This means that they should communicate something about you and your world. You can write sentences about yourself, your family, your house, your family and friends, your feelings and opinions, etc. Using target words to communicate something meaningful about you and your world will help you use new words in a more authentic way, resulting in more effective learning. Also, you can use your model sentences (see 7, above) as sentence stems to help you get started with your own sentences.
 
所造的句子要保证有意义,与自身的生活有关联,可以关于自己、家庭、朋友、或表达自己的观点等等。这能让你将单词用在更真实的场景,对单词的记忆更有效率。不知道怎么开始的同学,可以在例句的基础上改写自己的句子。
 
 
If you are pre-literate, you can include audio with your model sentences and rather than writing example sentences, you can record them. 
 
还不会写作的同学,例句可以使用音频代替,同时录制自己的句子。
 
 
You can use your flashcards to review the meaning of the word or phrase, how it is used in sentences, how to say the word or phrase, and so on. You can also add new model sentences to your flashcards as you come across them in listening and reading. You can even revise your own sentences and create new ones to practice and review using vocabulary in context.
 
你可以用单词卡来复习单词或短语的含义,用法和读法等等。当你听读英文时也可以在卡片上添加新的例句,甚至可以修改和造出新的句子,来练习和复习词汇在不同情境中的使用。
 
 
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【02、Learn vocabulary in chunks and scripts! 在组合和对话中学习单词!
 
 

 
Don’t just memorize words in isolation; think about other words and phrases that frequently appear with these words. This means thinking about collocations and scripts. For example, if you are trying to learn the word “amazement”, learn phrases that contain “amazement”, such as “filled with amazement”, “shake my head with amazement”, and “look at something with amazement”. Also, pay attention to the collocation of “with” and “amazement” in the prepositional phrase of manner “with amazement”. Paying attention to this collocation will help you use this word correctly when you speak and write as whenever you use “amazement” in a sentence, you’ll probably be using it in the phrase “with amazement”. 
 
不要只记忆单个词汇,想想经常和这些单词一起出现的词汇或短语,多想搭配。比如,学习“amazement”,可以同时学习“filled with amazement”,“shake my head with amazement”,以及“look at something with amazement”,注意其中“with”和“amazement”搭配。单词的搭配可以帮助你在日常的口语和写作中更加正确地使用它,就好比当一个句子中用到“amazement”,你会自然而然地联想到“with amazement”。
 
 
Scripts can help you learn new words and phrases in the context of their function – what they are used to do – and the situations in which we use these words. For example, if you are trying to learn “can” for permission, you can think about situations in which you would ask for or give permission and the scripts that are commonly used in these situations, such as:
 
Student: Teacher, can I go to the bathroom?
Teacher: Sure.
Student: Thank you!
(OR)
Child: Mom, can I go outside and play?
Mom: Did you do your homework?
Child: No, not yet.
Mom: You can go outside after you finish your homework.
 
Contextualizing words and phrases in scripts will help you connect these words and phrases to real situations in which you would use these words, as well as help you review other words and phrases that are also commonly part of such scripts.
 
对话可以帮助你学习单词短语的作用及使用情境。例如,如果学习“can”表示请求,想一想哪些场景你会使用请求或许可,此时可能会产生这样的对话:
 
学生: Teacher, can I go to the bathroom?
老师: Sure.
学生: Thank you!
(或者)
孩子: Mom, can I go outside and play?
妈妈: Did you do your homework?
孩子: No, not yet.
妈妈: You can go outside after you finish your homework.
 
将单词和短语用在对话情境中,能使其和现实场景相联系,同时复习其他相关单词。
 
 
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【03、Use the power of imagination! 借助想象的力量!】
 
 

 
Visualizing is a strategy that recruits the power of our imagination – the ability to make pictures and movies in our mind. It is most commonly used when we read. However, it can also be used when we are learning vocabulary. As you are studying a word or phrase, make a picture or movie in your head that illustrates the meaning of this word or phrase. This can be done with both concrete and abstract words, as when you visualize, you are usually visualizing an example or instance of the word or phrase. Our imagination works in specifics, not generalities. You can imagine a specific dog, but not a dog in general. This is what makes visualizing so powerful; it makes words and phrases real. You can visualize yourself running as you study the word “run”. Similarly, you can visualize your family preparing a meal together as you study “cooperation”. 
 
形象化方法[想象画面/形象化方法/具象法/联想法]是激发我们想象力尤为重要的方法之一,通常表现为我们在阅读时脑海中出现的具体画面,在学习词汇时也可以用这种方法。当你在学习一个单词或词组的时候,可以试着在脑中描绘出对应的具体的图片或场景,这些单词无论是具象的还是抽象的,都可以将其可视化。我们的想象力是具体的而非笼统的,就好比可以想象出某只狗,而不是狗的概念。这就是为什么形象化方法很管用,它让单词和词组变得真实不抽象。比如,学习“run”的时候想象自己在跑步,学习“cooperation”的时候想象全家一起准备晚餐。
 
 
When you visualize, you are using both the parts of your brain that store visual information and the parts of your brain that store linguistic information. If you add sound, smell, touch, and/or taste to your visualization, you can utilize these parts of your brain as well. By recruiting these different parts of your brain as you study vocabulary, you’re building robust neural networks around the word or phrase you are studying, which helps with both memory and quick recall. 
 
想象画面时,动用了大脑中存储视觉信息和语言信息的两个部分,如果在这过程中增加听觉、嗅觉、触觉和味觉的元素,大脑中的相关部位也会调动起来。能做到这一点,就能围绕这个单词建立强大的神经网络,记忆和回忆该单词都会变得更加容易。
 
 
For added practice and even more powerful results, describe your visualization in either speech or writing. Describing is more than just producing a single sentence. Describing is about giving sensory and emotional details. For example, as you visualize yourself running, you can talk aloud to yourself: “I’m running. I’m running in the park. I’m running fast. I see my classmate. She is running too. She runs faster than me.”
 
想要加强练习或拥有更好的记忆效果的话,可以尝试将想象画面在口语或写作中描述出来。描述不止是造一个句子,更多的是感官和情感的细节表达。例如,想象自己奔跑时,对自己说,“我正在跑步,在公园中跑步。我跑的很快。我看到了一个同学也在跑步,她跑的比我还快。”
 
 
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【04、Connect what you are learning to what you already know!  将正在学习的单词和已有知识结合起来!】
 

 
You can connect vocabulary you already know to new vocabulary by building “semantic webs” or “word maps”. One way to do this is to think in categories. If you are learning some new clothes, what are some clothes you already know? You can create word map with the word “clothes” in the center and add new and old articles of clothing to branches stemming off “clothes,” as shown below:
 
“语义网”和“单词地图”可以将新老单词联系起来。其中一个方法就是分类法。如果学习衣服词汇,想想哪些词汇你已经知道了?将“衣服”放在中央,分支里写各种具体的衣物,如下:
 
 
Another way to build a word map is to think in terms of instances and examples. If you are learning the word “measure”, make a word map with “measure” in the center and put things you can measure and how you can measure them on the branches of your word map.
 
另一个方式是根据例子来建单词地图。学习“measure”时,将“measure”放在中间,将能够测量的物品列在分支里。
 
 
A third option is to build word maps with synonyms and antonyms. Let’s say you are learning the word “fabulous”. You can create a word map that has “fabulous” in the middle and other words that mean the same or opposite on your word map’s branches, color coding or otherwise marking which words are synonyms and which words are antonyms.
 
第三种方式,建立近义词和反义词的单词地图。例如,将单词“fabulous” 放在中心,含有相同或相反含义的单词放在分支,用不同的颜色进行区分。不会写作的同学,例句可以使用音频代替,同时录制自己的句子。
 
 
Building connections helps you organize and chunk information to build robust word-concepts. The more connections we can build between different pieces of information, the easier it becomes to recall this information. This is because these connections form multiple pathways your brain can follow to find the information it is looking for. Finally, as an added bonus, when making word maps, you’re reviewing and reinforcing previously learned words as well. 
 
建立单词的关联能帮助我们组织和汇总信息,加强对词汇概念的理解。不同信息之间的关联越多,回忆起这些单词就会越容易,这些关联为大脑搜索信息提供了更多路径。当然,建立单词地图的同时你也会复习之前学过的单词,何乐而不为呢?
 
 
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【05、Read! Watch! Listen!  多读!多看!多听!】
 

 
Reading texts, watching videos, and listening to audio can not only help you  learn incidental vocabulary – vocabulary you learn without consciously trying to learn them – but can also help you learn intentional vocabulary – those words you are consciously trying to learn. As you read a book, watch a cartoon, or listen to a podcast, try to be mindful of the words you are trying to learn and notice when you see or hear them. This is a bit easier when reading, as you can go back and reread as needed. 
 
阅读文章,看视频,听音频不仅能加强词汇附带习得---没有刻意去学习的单词---还能加强词汇有意学习---有意学习的单词。当阅读一本书、观看一部动画片或者听一段广播的时候,注意那些你想要学习的单词,看见和听见的内容需要特别留心。而阅读起来会相对比较简单,如果需要,可以再读一遍。
 
 
If you are reading, you can even combine this strategy with visualizing by making a picture or movie of the sentence with the target word or phrase in your head. You can also add this sentence to your flashcard of the word or phrase if you are keeping flashcards. It can also be helpful to be purposeful in your reading, watching, and listening choices so that you encounter target words and phrases by design, rather than by accident. If you are learning food vocabulary, you might watch a cooking show or read a story about a holiday meal.
 
读书的时候,这个方法可以和形象化方法相结合,把有目标单词的句子画面在脑中描绘出来。如果你已经在做词卡了,把这个句子加到你的词卡中。带着目的去读、看和听,比漫无目的地做这些事效果更好。就好比学习食物词汇时,看美食节目或阅读节日美食的故事,是非常有效的。
 
 
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【06、Be observant! 多多观察!】
 

 
Pay attention to the world around you in your day-to-day life to find examples of instances and events that illustrate the vocabulary you are trying to learn. For example, if you are learning the word “help”, take notice of instances of people helping each other. This strategy can be augmented by trying to describe what you observe by talking to yourself, describing it to another person, or recording the event in a notebook.
 
留意你生活中是否含有目标单词的情境。学习“help”时,看看人们什么时候互相帮助。对自己或身边的人描述你观察到的事物,或将其记录下来,都能加强单词的记忆。
 
 
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【07、Speak and write to build automaticity! 多说多写,自动输出!】
 

 
Humans are not nearly as good at dealing with new situations as they are at dealing with familiar ones. To put it another way, we are much better at remembering than we are at understanding. This is why we have difficulty in finding the right word for a situation if we’ve never experienced that situation before. For example, we might have memorized words and phrases to use at a restaurant, but if we’ve never actually gone out and tried to use these words and phrases in a restaurant – either a real one or an imagined one – we find it quite difficult to recall these words and phrases when we need them, to say nothing of using them fluently and accurately. 
 
和熟悉的事物相比,人们处理新鲜事物的能力并不十分熟练。换句话说,我们更擅长记忆而不是理解。这就是为什么如果我们没有经历过某种场景,就很难为该场景找到合适的词汇。举个例子,我们记忆在餐厅用餐的单词,但从未真正去餐厅使用它们—无论是真实还是模拟场景—我们会发现需要的时候很难回忆起这些单词,更不用说正确流利的使用它们了。
 
 
As the above example might indicate to you, the kind of remembering I’m talking about here is not decontextualized rote memorization. Instead, what I’m talking about is contextualized memory that comes about through repeated meaningful experiences. This kind of remembering results in automaticity – having the word or phrase you want ready at hand when you want it. When faced with a situation that is familiar and practiced, we don’t so much remember the word or phrase itself, as we recall the word or phrase as part of the total situation which we are remembering. When we remember this way, we are remembering not only the word and its meaning, but its concrete use in a specific situation.
 
上述例子告诉我们,现在我们所说的记忆单词的方法并不是脱离语境的死记硬背,相反,语境化记忆的成果来自于多次有意义的经历,这种记忆会让你使用单词时自动脱口而出。面对熟悉的场景,我们不用费力回忆单词本身,而是回忆起整个场景。使用这种方法,我们不再是对单词含义的记忆,而是具体使用情境的记忆。
 
 
You can build automaticity through sustained speaking and writing. You can have conversations with others or just talk to yourself for 2-4 minutes without stopping. If you’re talking to yourself, you can choose a topic as your starting point, but don’t feel constrained, go where your speaking takes you, even if it takes you off topic. The point is to keep talking. Also, don’t worry about mistakes and mispronunciations. The goal is to build fluency. Whether you are talking to another person or to yourself, you can record your speaking and review it. Listen to your recording and try to find opportunities for using new words and phrases that you missed or where these new words and phrases could replace more familiar words and phrases. Additionally, you can practice the pronunciation of words you did not pronounce correctly, as well as even revise sentences that contain grammatical mistakes if you want to focus a bit on form.
 
我们可以通过多读多写的方式建立自动输出。和其他人谈话,或花2-4分钟连续自言自语练习。独自练习时,可以选择某个话题,不要约束自己,想到哪说到哪,偏题了也没关系。这个练习的要点是保持口语输出的状态。当然,也不用担心会犯错或发音不标准,流利度才是我们的目标。不论用哪种方法练习,你都可以将其录制下来,之后复盘。复盘时想想哪些地方忘了使用新单词,哪些地方可以用新单词来代替。此时,你可以纠正错误的发音,或纠正语法错误。
 
 
A similar activity can be done with writing. You might want to extend your writing time longer if you are a slow writer. However, in general the same rules apply to this writing activity as to the speaking activity described above. Don’t worry about spelling. Don’t worry about grammar. Just write and don’t stop. After you’re done, review your writing to locate opportunities for using new words and phrases that you missed or where these new words and phrases could replace more familiar words and phrases. You can also correct misspelt words and even improve your grammar by correcting grammatical mistakes you notice.
 
类似的练习同样可以用在写作中。同样的道理,这种写作练习也是操练写作流利度。不要纠结于拼写和语法,写下去,不要停。完成后,看看哪些地方可以使用或替换为新单词,同时可以纠正拼写和语法错误。
 
 
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【08、Play games! 玩单词游戏!】
 

 
Games are both fun and challenging. Challenges stimulate the brain, making it work harder and faster. Fun relieves stress, opening you up to better absorb new information and ideas. Online quizzes, word searches, crossword puzzles, and online games are all great ways to make learning vocabulary both enjoyable and effective. 
 
游戏有趣而且有挑战性。挑战刺激人的大脑,使其更加努力和快速的运作。趣味性可以减轻压力,让你更好的吸收新信息和想法。在线小测验、单词搜索游戏、填字游戏等等,都是有趣高效学习单词的好方法。
 
 
➤Online Quizzes在线小测验: 
https://www.anglomaniacy.pl/vocabulary-quizzes-list.htm
(basic vocabulary, organized by topic基础词汇,按话题分类),https://www.englishclub.com/esl-quizzes/vocabulary/
(more extensive, organized by topic, includes quizzes on parts of speech扩展单词,按话题分类,考察词性) 
 
➤Make Your Own Word Searches自己设计单词搜索游戏: 
http://puzzlemaker.discoveryeducation.com/WordSearchSetupForm.asp
 
➤Make Your Own Crossword Puzzle自己设计填字游戏: 
https://www.edu-games.org/word-games/crosswords/crossword-maker.php
(This site will produce clues for you, so all you have to do is enter the words.)(该网站已提供模板,只需输入单词即可。)
 
➤Vocabulary Games其他单词小游戏: 
https://thegamerstop.com/gamestag/Vocabulary/, 
https://www.turtlediary.com/games/vocabulary.html
(requires Adobe Flash需要安装Adobe Flash)
 
 
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【09、Get musical! 听英文歌!】
 

 
Whether young or old, people love to sing and dance – even if it is just for themselves. Song, dance, and other forms of movement can all support vocabulary acquisition. Melody and rhythm can aid memorization, which is one reason why as we get older, we tend to remember songs and advertising jungles from our youth, even if we have not heard them in years. Additionally, you can listen to a song you like time and again without it getting old. Moreover, if you enjoy a song, you will be motivated to learn the lyrics so that you can sing it correctly. 
 
不论老少,大家都喜欢唱歌跳舞,即使仅仅是自娱自乐。歌曲、舞蹈或者其他表现形式都能帮助我们巩固词汇学习。旋律和节奏是完美的记忆点,也是许多年后长大了的我们依旧记得儿时常听的歌曲和广告的原因所在。尤其是,当爱上一首英文歌之后,你会不由自主的学唱起来。
 
 
There are a wealth of song resources out there for younger children, such as:
 Super Simple Songs
(https://supersimple.com/super-simple-songs), 
Pinkfong 
(https://www.pinkfong.com/en/videos-apps/),
and Busy Beavers 
(https://busybeavers.com/watch/).
If you can’t connect directly to these websites, you can search for these organizations on domestic video streaming sites. 
 
这里是一些优秀的少儿英文歌曲推荐:
Super Simple Songs 
(https://supersimple.com/super-simple-songs)
Pinkfong
(https://www.pinkfong.com/en/videos-apps/)
Busy Beavers
(https://busybeavers.com/watch/)
如果你无法直接进入以上网站,可以在国内的视频网站进行搜索。
 
 
Rather than just sitting there as you listen, get up and dance! Many ESL/EFL songs are accompanied by simple dance routines. This can help in not only keeping you active and fit, but also support vocabulary learning as you are connecting the parts of your brain that encode gross and fine motor skills with the language centers in your brain. Like visualizing, this can build more robust neural networks around words, giving you more neural “hooks” to hang your word or phrase on.
 
听歌的时候不要只听听而已,来跳跳舞吧!很多英文语言教学的歌曲都配有简单的舞蹈动作。这不仅有助于保持健康,还利于词汇学习,因为它将大脑中负责运动神经的区域和语言中枢连接了起来。和想象画面的方法类似,这样做可以加强神经网络的联结,让你的词汇有更多神经和它连接。
 
 
Even if you can’t find a song containing the words and phrases that you are trying to learn, you can still recruit movement to help you study by either miming words – jumping as you study “jump” or holding your arms like a balance as you study “fair”. The more of your brain you can get involved in studying vocabulary, the greater your chances of actually learning and remembering it.
 
如果你找不到含目标词汇的歌曲,可以自己设计动作,以帮助记忆单词。模仿单词的动作—学习“jump”的时候跳一跳,学习“fair”的时候用胳膊保持平衡。动用的大脑部位越多,你的单词记得越牢。
 
 
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【10、Space out repetition and review! 合理重复,有效复习!】 

 
Repetition can help you remember words. However, like with any strategy, repetition needs to be used mindfully to be effective. Although repeating a word one hundred times in a row might fix it in your short-term memory, it probably won’t result in the word becoming part of your long-term memory. The same is true of repeating a word one hundred times over the course of the day. In each case, repetition becomes narrow-minded and mechanical. Repeat something too many times and you stop thinking about it. Without attention, there is seldom any learning. 
 
重复可以帮助你记忆单词,但重复记忆不一定高效。记忆单词一百遍,可以强化短期记忆,但几乎不会使其变成长期记忆的单词。一天中反复重复一个单词也是如此。这使单词的记忆变得狭隘和机械。重复多了,人就不再思考了。心不在焉的学习收效甚微。
 
 
Instead, you should space out your repetition. When you begin learning a new word, try to use it immediately. After an hour, try to recall the new word and try using it again. Do the same thing right before you go to bed and again the next day. Review the word yet again a few days later.
 
相反的,我们应该省去重复的过程。开始学习新单词时,直接尝试使用它。一小时后,回忆新单词,再次使用它。睡前和第二天都可以做这件事。几天后再次使用单词。
 
 
As you become more familiar with new vocabulary, keep track of the vocabulary you recall easily and which vocabulary is still giving you difficulty. You can write words and phrases on index cards and color-code them: green for words you are comfortable with and need less frequent review, yellow for words that you feel unsure about and would like to review more often, and red for words that are giving you difficulty and would like to revisit regularly. 
 
随着你对新单词越来越熟悉,看看哪些单词很容易回忆起来,哪些单词还有困难。你可以将单词写在卡片上,用不同的颜色标注:绿色是可以很好地运用,不需要经常练习的单词,黄色是仍需操练的单词,红色是依然有困难,需要加大练习强度的单词。
 
 
If you are using vocabulary flashcards, you can take this strategy a step further by updating your flashcards each time you review with any new information about the target word or phrase that you may have learned since you last reviewed it. This might be a prefix or suffix that can be added to the word to form a new word, a new meaning or use, or fun facts about the word’s origin and history (etymology). We never really finish learning any word or phrase. Our vocabulary isn’t a collection of words and phrases we know, but words and phrases we know well enough to do some things with them. Even a word as simple as “dog” can be further refined, for example by learning the idioms “dog tired” and “dog-eat-dog”.
 
如果你已经在使用单词卡了,可以使用这个方法多做一步:每次复习时更新单词卡上的目标单词信息,这些信息可能是你上次复习后学到的。例如单词的词缀,新的含义或用法,甚至是关于单词来源或历史的信息(词源学)。我们永远不可能学完所有单词和词组。词汇不是单词和词组的简单组合,而是为我们所用的工具。即使是“dog”这样简单的单词,也能有更多含义和用法,你可以从学习习语“dog tired”和 “dog-eat-dog”获得这些信息。
 
 
Conclusion
As you try out the strategies in this article, monitor your progress and keep track of which strategies work best for you. Also, start simple. Pick one or two to try out. If a strategy isn’t working for you, try another one. If one is working for you, think about why it works for you. This might help you in choosing other strategies to use. Finally, keep you chin up. Learning vocabulary can be challenging, but you can do it! With enough effort, dedication, and reflection, victory will be yours!
 
不同的人可能适用不同的方法,以后背单词的时候,可以尝试使用以上这些方法来检查自己是否有进步,看看哪些方法最适合自己。首先,简单地挑选一两种方法进行尝试。如果某种方法不适合你,换另一种。对于那些行之有效的方法,思考为什么适合自己,这会对你选择其他方法大有帮助。最后,不要气馁。学习词汇是个挑战,但只要你多用心、多努力、多反思,就一定能成功!

ClassIn Product introduction

Get Started二毛 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 262 次浏览 • 2020-03-19 16:27 • 来自相关话题

ClassIn is a revolutionary interactive online education platform that sets the standard for quality and innovation in online education. Its intuitive interface puts a multitude of cutting-edge features at your fingertips, enabling you to get your classes online quickly while also allowing you to create an unparalleled learning experience for your students.
 

 
ClassIn’s online classroom features a collaborative interactive whiteboard so that you and your students can work together in real-time to create a multitude of documents. ClassIn’s 16-channel real-time audio and video capabilities ensure clear, seamless communication between you and your students, as well as allowing you to create high fidelity multimedia activities for your classroom. The ClassIn Cloud and its comprehensive file support let you load a wide variety of document formats directly into your classroom. Finally, ClassIn’s distributed network supports over two million simultaneous users, which guarantees you’ll enjoy a fast, stable connection no matter where in the world you are.
 

 

 
ClassIn is the online education platform of choice for over 6,000 clients. Our client list includes global education leaders like Udacity and Pearson, renowned universities like Peking University and the University of Maryland, major corporations like Microsoft and ByteDance (creator of TikTok), as well as Chinese education giants like New Oriental and TAL Education Group.
 

【直播回放】ClassIn&北京四中网校-全球学校春季学期在线“战疫”应对与趋势 | 线上直播面对面研讨会

ClassIn入门到精通二毛 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 1087 次浏览 • 2020-03-19 15:09 • 来自相关话题

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EDB课件制作培训

1、EDB课件制作的基本操作方法
2、EDB课件制作的常见思路
3、EDB课件范例


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ClassIn入门到精通二毛 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 990 次浏览 • 2020-03-17 15:29 • 来自相关话题

ClassIn产品升级
 
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